A car’s cooling system is an extremely important part of a vehicle. Read on to find out its components and why is it essential.
The Coolant System
A car’s coolant system is a system of fluid and parts working together to control the operating temperature of the engine for optimal performance. It is composed of a water pump and drive belt, thermostat, radiator, radiator cap, and hoses.
The water pump and drive belt aid in circulating the coolant while the thermostat controls its temperature. An engine coolant, a mixture of water and coolant, stops the water from corroding and rusting the internal parts of the cooling system, aside from the fact that it keeps the coolant cooler. This antifreeze agent (coolant) runs through the engine’s cooling system, moving from the radiator to the engine and back again. This cooling fluid moves because of the water pump function. The radiator is the most important part. The coolant that passes through the various parts of the engine is pumped through the radiator’s tube and then cools it thus bringing down the coolant temperature for the next circulation. Meanwhile, the radiator cap controls the pressure in the system. There’s also a cooling fan that serves as additional cooler for the engine.
Importance of the Coolant System
As the coolant gets older, it loses its protective properties. When this happens, it starts to allow the water to eat up the internal parts. Then the pump and radiator fails. Afterwards, disastrous engine problems could occur.
Without radiator coolant, your vehicle’s engine would overheat extremely fast. This could also lead to mechanical breakdown and engine failure. As mentioned, coolant helps dispel heat and prevents the water in a car’s radiator from freezing and boiling. So without the coolant, the engine would be destroyed very quickly since water is not enough to keep the system cool.
Taking care of the car’s cooling system is important to ensure proper engine function. Radiator maintenance can help you diagnose possible radiator problems. As you know already, the cooling system is important because its main function is to cool down the engine. As such, if the cooling system is not properly functioning, your engine gets very hot.
Maintaining your Coolant System
Now that you know the importance of your car’s cooling system, make sure to conduct periodic checks to keep it running cool. Your radiator’s coolant should always be full and fresh. Your drive belt should also be in its proper condition because in case it breaks, your engine will overheat immediately since its main function is to drive everything, including your water pump and alternator. Also, regularly check your radiator for rubbish to avoid blockage in the airflow. Finally, inspect your radiator cap. It should always be properly fastened and in good shape.
Written by Marc Laferierre, owner of Dents Unlimited. Dents Unlimited offers the best auto repair in Columbia MO.